Necessary Definitions (things are not what
you think- after all, this is about deception):
- Fact – information known to be correct.
- Truth – factually correct, but not
necessarily complete information.�
- Honest – information that communicates a
correct and realistic understanding.
- Lie – false information usually combined
- Deception – intentionally misleading
others to incorrect conclusions.
�Deception is intentional and can be
achieved in a variety of ways. The three most common are: not answering a
question, answering a question with carefully edited and incomplete facts, and
providing false information.
As a rule, people prefer to be honest. When
we are being honest, our responses are normally recalled instantly. Our
actions are consistent with our words. Our words express what we mean and are
used in a manner appropriate to the situation and we are generally unaware of
and unconcerned with controlling our facial expressions and body language.
Deception is the result of fear. Common
redirecting the focus of a question so that our response
seems as though we are answering the question when we aren’t
number of actions to gain thinking time so that our deceptions seem
reasonable and believable
trying to control our actions, expressions and
thoughts we fear may give us (and our deception) away.
If we are caught off
guard or are pressured for an immediate response without thinking time, we
will often simply lie.
The following are brief descriptions of the
methods deception experts use:
- 1.����� Micro-Expression
Analysis – identifies true emotions before they can be hidden.
Example: Knowing you might get away with something you start to smirk,
then realize this is inappropriate and try to hide it.
- 2.����� Statement
Analysis – uses rules of language so deeply ingrained we’re
unaware of how they give away important (and even hidden) information.
Examples: You swap words to subtly redefine them “energy” becomes
“oil”or the self involvement of “I” is left out at critical areas, “I went to the store. While there though, didn’t
- 3.����� Kinesics
and Stress Analysis – compares normal behavior to the presented behavior
so that fear based stress can be identified and associated with
specific items. Examples: Your normal sweeping arm gestures are
suddenly reduced when you are deceiving about something. You pick at or
adjust your clothing every time a specific topic comes up.
- 4.����� Response
Avoidance and Reaction Time – to avoid the fears we imagine, we will
try to avoid answering the question and/or we require extra thinking
time. Example: Asked if you visited your ex-girlfriend on Saturday
(when you murdered her), you respond, “I never go visiting on
Saturdays. Saturdays are for sports and I watch sports religiously.”